Tr'ondëk Hwëch'in Heritage Sites

Welcome to Tr'ondëk Hwëch'in Heritage Sites, an online resource dedicated to exploring our history and culture.

Tr’ochëk: Tr’ochëk Timeline

Chief Isaac at right with his son and brother, Walter Benjamin.

Chief Isaac at right with his son and brother, Walter Benjamin.

Alaska State Library, Metcalf Coll., PCA 34-122.

1896

16 August - George Carmack, Dawson Charlie and Skookum Jim staked the discovery claims on Rabbit (soon renamed Bonanza) Creek. Soon after the claims were registered at Forty Mile, miners begin stampeding to the area.

- 1 Sept., Joseph Ladue staked a townsite at the mouth of the Klondike River, named it Dawson City and built a sawmill and its first cabin.
- The rush of miners displaced the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in were from their settlement at Tr’ochëk.

1897

- The Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in moved downriver to Moosehide and began building cabins. Moosehide became their base for over 50 years.
- The fish camp of Tr’ochëk disappeared under the tents, cabins and new businesses that became Lousetown or Klondike City.

Early 1920s

Dawson City’s boom days had long ended. The Yukon’s population dropped as miners moved elsewhere, young men went off to fight in World War II and others abandoned their dreams of quick riches. By this time, Klondike City was abandoned.

Late 1940s

- Northern Tutchone families from Fort Selkirk moved to Dawson and occupied the Tr’ochëk site.

1950s

- Families moved from Moosehide to Dawson after the closing of the Moosehide School.

1977

- several mining claims were staked on the Tr’ochëk site. These claims were later consolidated and taken over by a major mining company.

1991

- illegal placer mining at Tr’ochëk by a miner operating without a water license.
- people from Yukon Government Heritage, Dawson City Museum and Parks Canada work with Dawson residents to conduct rescue recording and salvage of Klondike City artifacts.

1997

May 15 - Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in announced that the Canadian government had purchased all mining interests on the site for the sum of approximately one million dollars. The ancient village site of Tr’ochëk would be protected “for all time” as Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in settlement land and a heritage site under the First Nation’s final agreement.

2002

The Government of Canada designated Tr’ochëk as a National Historic Site.